N ew research suggests that China may have undertaken large-scale destruction of Islamic sites in its western Xinjiang province, where Muslim minorities such as Uighurs live under severely repressive rule. The Guardian and open-source journalism website Bellingcat used satellite imagery to examine 91 religious sites identified by people who used to live in the northwestern province, finding that 31 mosques and two major shrines showed significant structural damage between and Nine other buildings used as mosques that did not have obvious mosque-like features were also destroyed, according to the Guardian. The Imam Asim shrine, an important pilgrimage site for Uighurs, and the Kargilik Mosque, one of the largest mosques in the area, were among the buildings destroyed, according to the investigation. The Yutian Aitika mosque near Hotan, a large mosque dating back to the year where locals gathered for religious holidays, is also reportedly among those demolished. China faces increasing condemnation for its alleged persecution of Muslim minorities. Official Denounces Religious Crackdown in China.

Artifacts dating back to Western Han Dynasty on display in Xinjiang Museum

Figure 1. The first redacted page of the page PDF. Source: Uyghur Human Rights Project. Over pages, data rows and the personal details of over 3, Uyghurs [2] , this remarkable document presents the strongest evidence to date that Beijing is actively persecuting and punishing normal practices of traditional religious beliefs, in direct violation of its own constitution. Specifically, the Karakax List outlines the reasons why persons were interned and reveals the cognition behind the decision-making processes as to whether individuals can be released or not.

Based on the principles of presumed guilt rather than innocence and assigning guilt through association, the state has developed a highly fine-tuned yet also very labor-intensive governance system whereby entire family circles are held hostage to their behavioral performance — jointly and as individuals.

6 Day(5 night) Xinjiang Discovery: price from $ per person, 5 night, 6 day It’s a treasure trove of Indo-Buddhist art dating from the 4th-8th centuries CE.

As is widely known, the People’s Republic of China has introduced extensive legislation to promote equality between the sexes Croll 1. It is also recognized that changes in this respect have been slow, and that in some areas of social life the progress has been reversed since the beginning of the reform period in the early s Stacey ; Rai ; Mackerras During the decades of collectivization minority areas experienced special treatment which facilitated the persistence of traditional values Mackerras In spite of many radical social changes, basic assumptions about women’s status and power relations within the household have therefore persisted with great strength among the Uighurs.

My research project has focused on changes and continuities in gender relations in Xinjiang throughout the twentieth century. This project could only be undertaken with Han Chinese co-researchers, and it was often interesting to hear and observe how these local scholars broached the issues of work and gender. They repeatedly made the point that Uighur women’s present situation is a step backwards after the decades of collectivization, arguing that once collective responsibility was largely abandoned and control over farming handed back to households, women had fallen once again into the grip of Islamic patriarchy 2.

It is ironic, however, that the general situation reported from elsewhere in rural China, where it is not possible to blame Islamic influence for the problems emerging since the onset of reforms, is not unlike the situation which I encountered in rural Xinjiang 3.

China forces its Muslim minority to install spyware on their phones

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Jun 10, – Date: 7th century Culture: Iran, Afghanistan or China (Xinjiang Autonomous Region) Medium: Silk split-stitch embroidery on plain-weave silk.

The emergence of mobile herding lifeways in Mongolia and eastern Eurasia was one of the most crucial economic and cultural transitions in human prehistory. Understanding the process by which this played out, however, has been impeded by the absence of a precise chronological framework for the prehistoric era in Mongolia. Model results demonstrate a cultural succession between ambiguously dated Afanasievo, Chemurchek, and Munkhkhairkhan traditions.

Geographic patterning reveals the existence of important cultural frontiers during the second millennium BCE. This work demonstrates the utility of a Bayesian approach for investigating prehistoric cultural dynamics during the emergence of pastoral economies. Editor: Peter F. This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose.

The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.


Culture Silk Road. Journey through remote landscapes and discover ancient traditions on this fascinating tour through China’s wildest province, Xinjiang. Begin at the foot of the mountains in the business hub of Xinjiang’s capital, Urumqi , and explore its Grand Bazaar and fascinating Regional Museum. Skirt along the fringes of the Gobi Desert and visit the quintessential oasis town of Turpan to sample its famous fruits.

Most of the studies have focused on western Altay Mountains, Xinjiang. However, the chronology of the moraines in its eastern section is not well studied. In this.

The second video advertisement first appeared on Douyin, the Chinese version of TikTok, but was later deleted following a social media campaign by Uighur human rights activists abroad. The incentive package also included preferential treatment toward employment, housing and free education for the couples, their parents and offspring. He said that and national censuses showed that Xinjiang had the lowest rate of interethnic marriage among ethnic minorities.

The videos sometimes show the gloomy Uighur brides appearing to begrudge their grooms. Some Uighur activists claim that Uighur women are often coerced into those marriages. If they refuse, authorities in Xinjiang could label them and their families as extremists. Zumrat Dawut, 38, a Uighur female activist, told VOA that her neighbors, the Nurehmets from Mekit, Xinjiang, had to agree to wed their year-old daughter to a Han Chinese out of fear that they could be sent to internment camps.

Dawut was held in an internment camp in Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang, in before her husband helped secure her release and moved her to Woodbridge, Virginia. She told VOA that after her neighbors returned to Mekit, the father, Nurehmet, was sent to an internment camp on charges of religious extremism for growing a beard. The daughter, Ayjamal, had to work in a factory where a Chinese man approached her and took a picture with her. Beijing in the past has launched similar intermarriage campaigns, targeting other ethnoreligious minorities in the country.

The government announced such measures in Tibet in

China Uighurs: A model’s video gives a rare glimpse inside internment

In this Chinese book with an English preface the author presents numerous remarkable fossils that he found between and in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. We received the book from him in Urumqi Xinjiang Province in Using the impressive color prints of his findings and various Latin technical terms to orient ourselves, we were able to pick out certain passages which were then translated for us by a Chinese colleague.

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Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Museum

The Uyghur people residing in Xinjiang, a territory located in the far west of China and crossed by the Silk Road, are a key ethnic group for understanding the history of human dispersion in Eurasia. We observed a southwest and northeast differentiation within XJU, which was likely shaped jointly by the Tianshan Mountains, which traverses from east to west as a natural barrier, and gene flow from both east and west directions. By using a newly developed method, MultiWaver , the complex admixture history of XJU was modeled as a two-wave admixture.

by its representations in petroglyphs in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Kezier- queqia (Qizilchoqa) near Qumul in Xinjiang, dating back to BC. (​Mallory.

A Chinese surveillance company has been tracking the movements of at least 2. Victor Gevers, of the non-profit group GDI. It also included 6. The database, by Shenzhen-based SenseNets Technology, appeared to have been open and accessible by anyone for the last seven months. These are the trackers which are connected the SenseNets database.

They make part of this artificial intelligence-based security network which uses face recognition, crowd analysis, and personal verification. China faces growing international criticism over its policies in Xinjiang , after a series of attacks in the s and s. Over the last three years, researchers and advocates believe 1 million Uighurs as well as Kazakhs, Hui and other Muslim minorities have been rounded up and detained in internment camps. Those outside the camp are also closely monitored, with surveillance cameras mounted over villages, street corners, mosques and schools.

Commuters must go through security checkpoints between all towns and villages, where they undergo face scans and phone checks. Last year Xinjiang residents were reportedly ordered to download an app that scans for specific content. SenseNets secured the database after Gevers flagged the breach. SenseNets works with Chinese police in several cities, including Wukan in Guangdong province, where mass protests were violently shut down in and the village put under tight control.

Chapter Twenty. Relation of the andronovans with the population of Xinjiang and central Asia

Sauytbay, an ethnic Kazakh, had fled Xinjiang and was seeking asylum in Kazakhstan, where her husband and son are citizens. There were 2, inmates in the facility where she had worked for four months, and she knew of others. Especially important is the Washington, D. There have been no further announcements about that jobs program, and the explanation seems to have been dropped. When confronted at an August U.

People outside Xinjiang first began to learn about the camps in

this date in Xinjiang, it is argued that iron came into use in Xinjiang during the 9th​–8th century BC, a date later than the first appearance of iron in western Asia.

Artemisia annua L. It has appeared in many ancient Chinese medical manuscripts, which describe its uses to include treatment of wounds, alleviating intermittent fevers, as well as enhancing the brightness of eyes and even improving longevity. A sheaf of plant remains, including stalks and inflorescence intentionally placed in the corner of a tomb, have been recovered from the Shengjindian cemetery about BP on the basis of 14 C dating , Turpan, Xinjiang, China.

The morphology of these materials was examined using a stereomicroscope and a scanning electron microscope. Ancient DNA was also extracted from these remains. By comparing the morphological and DNA characteristics with modern specimens, these plant remains were identified to belong to Artemisia annua L. Owing to its strong fragrance, these plant remains are suggested as serving to disguise the odor of the deceased.

This is the first material archaeological evidence to date despite numerous records of A. Tags Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter.

Artifacts dating back to Western Han Dynasty on display in Xinjiang Museum

Among the corpses frozen in exodus over the icy mountain pass, will you recognize me? Our brothers. Do you know that I am with you.

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Emily Feng in Urumqi. The first thing you notice is the quiet. But a history of shortlived Uighur independence movements has put Beijing — ultra-sensitive about Taiwan and Tibet already — on edge. Xinjiang is a far cry from the thriving Silk Road hub China envisioned. Instead, China has been drawn deeper into an endless security build-up as Uighurs battle for survival. To maintain its control over Xinjiang, China is building one of the most advanced police states — and spending billions to do so.

Under his short tenure, Xinjiang has built a system of intense digital and physical surveillance. An FT analysis of mobile software that Xinjiang residents were forced to download last year found that it scans for digital fingerprints matching illicit files, informing authorities when it finds them. Possessing sensitive digital content is a common reason for detention, so some Uighurs conspicuously abstain from smartphones despite living in one of the most mobile-oriented countries in the world.

Dating, the Kazakh way